Is it possible to detect diseases through your breath? Breath analysis technology been around for over fifty years, although it has distinctly been used for alcohol detection.
A team of scientists from five countries have collaborated their efforts to make it possible to detect disease through an analysis of exhaled breath. The artificial intelligence can detect up to 17 different diseases in your breath with an accuracy level of 86%. The potential benefits to disease diagnosis and management is immense. And this technology could be available for you soon enough!
The specialized Artificial intelligence system, named NaNonose, features nanotechnology-controlled sensors that are trained to detect pattern in exhaled breath that could be indicators of disease.
While still in the experimental stage, it has been able to identify conditions such as Crohn’s disease, multiple sclerosis, chronic kidney disease, prostate cancer, lung cancer, pre-eclampsia toxemia and a number of others, with a varying degree of accuracy for each disease. The nanotechnology sensors are trained to mirror the nose, allowing for detection of a number of different compounds.
But how does it work?
As you exhale, there are certain pattern indicators of various conditions in your breath. You will emit oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, argon and vapor. Exhaled breath can also contain up to 3500 volatile organic compounds, according to a study published in the “Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology” in 2011.
By analyzing the composition of these volatile compounds and comparing the structure of inhaled breath to identify disease blueprint, this nanotech-based technology could allow for a great way to detect disease.
Nanotechnology is the manipulation of matter on a very small level, allowing for a unique approach to engineering, science and technology. The main measurement in nanotechnology is the nanaometer, which measures a billionth of a meter. This unit of measurement is so small that 100, 000 nanometers can fit across the thickness of a newspaper. It is a very versatile technology that has potential for significant use in future.
What are other potential uses of nanotechnology?
The ability to develop unique sensors allows for the use of nanotechnology in a variety of fields.
Self-healing structures, coated with nanotechnology-based sensors to track different metrics that may cause damage are already a high possibility. Bridges, nuclear power plants and other sensitive structures could be ensured against potentially harmful damage.
Nanotechnology can also be used in a more diverse way in regards to medicine and health, such as by developing sensors that could be used in tattoo ink.