Is natural language processing machine learning?

unchera

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An interesting question I got asked the other day I thought I'd provide some insight into for anyone curious. For background, my field is actually NLP, and I've been involved with AI in general for about 6 or 7 years.

The question itself is the problem here, because the terms NLP and ML are both explaining separate things. ML is a subset of statistical techniques, which can be applied to AI problems. You can think of ML as both a set of tools and an area of study.

NLP is simply the crossover between AI and linguistics, and as such is really a set of tools, although with NLP there are many techniques and algorithms specific to the field.

The best way of looking at the interaction between NLP and ML is that there is some connection in the concepts between them, but that the best way to look at it is that ML can be used within the realm of working on NLP problems.